Eticas R&C en 4S/EASST 2016: fronteras inteligentes, ABC4EU y privacidad y RRI proyectos de ciencia ciudadana

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Estos días hemos participado en la conferencia 4S/EASST Barcelona 2016 con dos presentaciones diferentes sobre algunos de nuestros ámbitos de investigación y proyectos europeos en los que estamos trabajando actualmente (ABC4EU). La Directora de Eticas R&C, Gemma Galdon Clavell, estuvo presente en dos paneles, el viernes 2 y el sábado 3 de septiembre: ‘Refugee technologies‘ (Tecnologías de refugiados) y ‘Citizen Science‘ (Ciencia ciudadana). ABC4EUViernes 2, en el panel ‘Refugee technologies and mobility into Europe’ (‘Tecnologías de refugiados y mobilidad hacia Europa’), Gemma Galdon Clavell presentó su artículo Smart borders: re-making borders through technology (‘Fronteras inteligentes: rehaciendo fronteras a través de la tecnología’) y también presentó el proyecto europeo de investigación del que formamos parte, ABC4EU.

Para saber más acerca del artículo, podéis leer el siguiente resumen:

Short Abstract

This paper explores how social values and guarantees for fundamental rights can be designed into technological solutions, while at the same time identifying what will be the crucial choices that will shape not only the future of our borders, but also the permeability of our societies.

Long Abstract

Since 9/11, airports and border crossing areas have become critical infrastructures and, some may say, states of exception. Enhanced security measures have turned airports into dense data ecosystems. Passenger purchase and travel details are shared, often across borders, among authorities and operators (e.g. PNR), automated border gates (e-Gates) respond to biometrics-enabled identity documents (2nd generation e-Passports), and “no fly lists” and other watch lists rely on the interoperability of these and other databases. At the same time, new forms of mechanical sorting arise, which reinforce social divisions.

In the European Union, a “Smart Borders Initiative” is currently being discussed. The project intends to expand and harmonize automated border crossings (ABC) at the EU level, develop plans for a Registered Traveller Programme (RTP) to facilitate border crossing for pre-approved third-country nationals, create an Entry-Exit System (EES) to identify over-stayers, and propose an amendment to the Schengen Borders Code. In parallel, biometrics are being deployed to register and track refugees as they enter and settle I the EU.

This paper uses the experience of working with the industry-led, EC-funded ABC4EU project to explore how social values and guarantees for fundamental rights can be designed into technological solutions, while at the same time identifying what will be the crucial choices that will shape not only the future of our borders, but also the permeability of our societies. Drawing on focus groups, technological auditing and societal impact assessment methods, the interaction between the legal, the ethical and the technological at the border is explored.

 

Spokes_America_Examining_citizen_science_with_EyeWire_p                                                                    Fotografía: Nathan Kit Kennedy (enlace)

El sábado 3 estuvimos participando en el panel ‘Citizen science: beyond the laboratory’ (‘Ciencia ciudadana: más allá del laboratorio’). Gemma Galdon Clavell abordó cuestiones de privacidad e investigación responsable siguiendo diferentes proyectos de investigación como ejemplo.  Para más información sobre el artículo presentado, Privacy and Responsible Research in Citizen Science projects, (‘Privacidad e Investigación Responsable en proyectos de Ciencia Ciudadana’) podéis leer el siguiente resumen:

Short Abstract

We analyze three different projects of citizen science based in Barcelona (Spain) from the point of view of privacy and data protection, and present some general concerns, risks and solutions that should be considered by any European citizen science project.

Long Abstract

Responsible Research and Innovation approach shows not only a strong compromise on ethics and transparency but also on privacy and data protection. These aspects are fully relevant when dealing with citizen science projects. If citizen science practices want to be fully aligned with RRI philosophy, they should therefore carefully consider privacy and data protection when they approach and communicate with volunteers. Unfortunately, there not many studies considering these aspects in relation with the engagement strategies. Moreover, the studies are mostly focused on US standards and analyze US based projects, which may differ in many ways from European approaches. We have analyzed three different projects of citizen science based in Barcelona (Spain) and we thus present some general concerns and risks in an abstract manner that should be considered by any European citizen science project. Additionally, we propose some principles on privacy and data protection adapted to citizen science research context. For instance, we adapt Privacy by Design principles to citizen science practices.

 

 

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